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Water Damage Basics: Class Versus Category

water damage cleanup mesa, water damage mesa, water damage restoration mesaExperts agree that water damage cleanup by professionals who specialize in water damage remediation not only restore valuable property, but also save householders money. The longer that water is allowed to sit in a home or business, the harder it is to repair the damage. The key to the water cleanup process is to call professionals like Concept Restoration immediately.

Not only is your Mesa home at risk, but so is the health of your family. The water damage industry has definitions to determine your risk; learn the terms in order to choose the appropriate clean up process: 

Categories Of Water Damage

There are three categories of water based on the level of contamination:

  • Category 1= Water that escapes from a clean and sanitary source such as faucets, toilet tanks, drinking fountains, etc. Carpeting, personal belongings, and other soft goods can usually be professionally dried and restored.

While the initial water from these sources is not hazardous to your health, ignoring it can eventually cause mold or mildew growth in the affected areas which is harmful to your health. Category 1 water damage must be cleaned up before it has a chance to harbor mold or mildew growth.

  • Category 2 (grey water) = Water contaminated with chemical, physical, or biological elements. Sources include dishwasher or washing machine overflows; additional cleaning and decontamination steps are required to prevent illness.

Simply removing the water will not be effective. The affected area must also be cleaned and disinfected to prevent health risks.

  • Category 3 water (black water) = Unsanitary water due to significant pathogens present;. Category 3 water includes sewer backups, flooding from rivers or streams, toilet overflows, or stagnant liquid that has begun to foster bacterial growth.

Mold, microorganisms, and toxins from waste materials can result in a range of allergic reactions and extended exposure can even lead to more serious respiratory problems including infections and difficulty breathing.

Classes Of Water Damage

While the category describes the “dirtiness”, the term “class” refers to the severity of the damage. Class measures the probable rate of evaporation based on the type of materials affected. Determining the class of water damage helps plan the amount and type of equipment used to treat the area.

  • Class 1 – Slow Rate of Evaporation— Affects only a portion of a room or materials have low porosity, therefore minimum moisture is absorbed by the materials.
  • Class 2 – Fast Rate of Evaporation— Water affects the entire room, carpet and cushions which may have wicked up the walls.
  • Class 3 – Fastest Rate of Evaporation— Water generally comes from overhead, affecting the entire area; walls, ceilings, insulation, carpet, cushion, etc.
  • Class 4 – Specialty Drying Situations— Involves materials with a very low permeance/porosity, such as hardwood floors, concrete, crawlspaces, plaster, etc.    

Regardless of the source, water can have negative effects on your health. Get expert help from qualified experts in order to keep your family safe.

Additional Risk From Mold

Although you may have survived the water itself, be aware of the additional danger from mold. People who are sensitive to molds or who have chronic lung illnesses can have reactions varying in severity from eye irritation to lung infections. Diseases such as bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis, allergic conjunctivitis, allergic fungal sinusitis, and occasionally hives (urticaria) are usually the consequence of allergic sensitization to the molds that grow when excess water is present.  

Mold can dry out, but the dried spores can still pose a respiratory risk so proper cleanup is essential after a flood. Trust a professional water damage remediation team to thoroughly check for potential sources.

For Water Damage Cleanup In Mesa  

As one of Mesa’s leading water cleanup and restoration teams, Concept Restoration is on call for your water damage emergencies. All the IICRC certified technicians have years of experience, go through background checks and will be uniformed when they arrive with state of the art, heavy-duty drying equipment.  

When you have a problem, you need confidence that the damage will be restored and thoroughly cleaned. The Concept Restoration 5 Year Guarantee means you do not have to stress about any future mold issues or health effects down the road.